By: Dr. Zafar Darik Qasmi
Department of Theology Sunni
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
The existence of cordial relations between nations and societies is a symbol of righteous and healthy societies. The usefulness of cooperation and support on the basis of humanity cannot be denied. The relations between nations and states are built on better lines through harmony and mutual brotherhood and tolerance. If ideas or social relations are conflicting and tense, it is more likely to promote instability and confusion between nations and societies. It is also necessary to ban corruption or any similar act and word so that humanity does not fall prey to any kind of abuse and violence. This is possible only when nations, families and states follow the traditions of peace. Establish shining rules and regulations for seriousness and coexistence. Individuals and persons who spread abuse should be brought to justice. The continuity of social, political, economic and religious ties depends solely on mutual harmony and international relations. In the present age where the world has achieved material progress. But sadly, the moral and spiritual values we inherited from our civilization and culture are now very much affected. Our lust and immorality have also severely damaged international relations. It is important to control the changing situation in international relations. It should also be noted here that usually social values and mutual love are ineffective at the same time. When the interests of governments and nations conflict. May the spirit of service and compassion for humanity be eradicated. The tragedy is that the powers that be today claim their status and call themselves defenders of human rights. On closer inspection, they are the ones who, for their own limited interests, have created rifts in human-based relationships. Which are constantly becoming instruments of destruction and looting of societies. It is also based on the fact that whenever human relationships have been harmed, the most damaging consequences have come. Living together, having good manners and having a good sense of humor enhance our relationships. The fragrance and color of the sweet language that affects the hearts of the society and the people of the society, is remembered by the generations. Another thing is that the societies that have good relations with each other are identified and distinguished as goodness and selflessness and compassion. Building international relations on the right path is also important because today the whole world has turned into a global village. Therefore, the need to write, speak and promote on this subject has increased. Making the public aware of its benefits in a broader and modern context will ignite our mutual contacts. To promote international relations, large-scale negotiations are taking place today. Articles and books are being written. The purpose of all these things is only that the nations should not be in conflict with each other in spite of differences and contradictions of religion, thoughts and ideas. Live a life of tolerance and security. Not only that, but at the end of the dialogue and negotiations, resolutions are passed unanimously. Because we will perpetuate social relations and reciprocity by following our own thoughts and beliefs and Dharma. Therefore, in order to maintain and perpetuate social values, the meaning of dialogue cannot be deviated from. However, when we look at the solution to this problem in the sacred teachings of Islam, we find that the laws that Islam has laid down for the security and peace of nations are the basis. Islam not only acknowledged the breadth and openness of mutual unity and trust, but also legislated on it. Therefore, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: He had laid the foundation of mutual relations in his youth by participating in important agreements such as the Hilf Al Fithool. The historical significance of this agreement is obvious. Importantly, the treaty was drafted at a time when human classes in and around Makkah were suffering from insecurity, lawlessness, abuse, and bigotry. Influential classes did not see any harm in usurping the rights of the weak and oppressed. But the Prophet Muhammad and the sensitive people of Makkah implemented this agreement in a successful attempt to eradicate lawlessness and to prevent an obstacle in the way of international relations. This is not a story. The significance of the Hilf Al Futhool of can be gauged from the fact that after attaining the office of Prophethood, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that in comparison to a hundred red camels, I would prefer to participate. Discussions on his other scientific and technical discussions here are abandoned due to length. In addition, historians have written another story on social relations and international harmony before the prophecy. Which can be interpreted as a beacon to end the tensions of mankind. There was a danger of a crisis of contention in Makkah over the installation of the Hair e Aswad. There was intense tension and among all the tribes and they were ready to fight over who would install the Hair e Aswad. All the leading classes claimed that this right was ours. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with his wisdom, insight, and understanding resolved this tension in a jiffy, and the people of Makkah were saved from a bloody battle. On the contrary, their mutual animosity was crushed. At the same time, the people of Makkah became committed to mutual unity and brotherhood. These are the historical evidences before the prophecy whose greatness will always shine. At the same time, it is certain that the importance and usefulness of these historical documents will continue to provide guidance for human rights activists in every age. At the same time, it is important to note that the most prominent example of international relations in Makkah after the Prophethood was the Hijrat e Habshah. Dr. Hamidullah has given a very scholarly talk on Hijrat e Habshah in his book, in Khutbat e Bahawalpur. Similarly, the book “Spiritualit Uswa e Rasool Ki Asri Manwayat ” by renowned Islamic scholar Prof. Muhammad Saud Alam Qasmi has unique points. After the migration, Muhammad laid the formal foundation of international relations and enacted a law which is the Charter of History. It is known as Medina. Take care The Meesaq e Madeenah is the world’s first written constitution. No such written evidence has yet been found on a map of the universe. Dr. Hameedullah has given many scholarly discussions on this subject in his books, “The System of Governance of the Prophet’s Age” and “The first written in the world”. However, historians write that the Western world was blessed with a written law in 1215 called the “Magna Carta”. Nevertheless, the understanding that Islam’s character is aggressive and hateful. It is a clear sign of jealousy and ignorance. It is also important to clarify here. Through the Meesaq e Madeenah, humanity first became acquainted with the principles of humanity, the rights of minorities, tolerance, peace and solidarity. The majority of the population inside Medina was Jewish, and the treaty guaranteed all non-Muslim communities the rights to freedom of religion, customs, and freedom places of worship. It is as if Medina has become a great center and axis of individual and collective rights. Biographers have also called Muwakhat important for the development of bilateral relations in this regard. The intercession of the Muwakhat also proves the excellent behavior of the two communities. Then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: He has made many agreements with various tribes and nations around Medina, Persia and Rome to promote mutual harmony. For example, Banu Khuza’ah, Ahl al-Bahrain, Ahl al-Oman, Ahl al-Najran, Ahl al-Muqna, Ahl al-Ila, Ahl al-Jundal, Ahl al-Jarba and Azrah, and the sulah hudaibiah, etc. The ten-year ceasefire resolution was unanimously passed by the Hudaybiyyah peace treaty. After this reconciliation, a new era of international relations began, that of the Prophet Muhammad. He sent regular invitations to the kings through ambassadors. The following are some of the names of the kings to whom the letters of invitation were sent.
Najashi, (King of Abyssinia) Hercules, (Caesar of Rome) Kasri bin Parvez bin Hormuz, (King of Persia) Muqawqas, (Ruler of Alexandria,) Harith bin Shamar Ghassani, (Governor of Damascus), Hudha bin Ali Al Hanafi, (Yamamah,) Jalandi (chief of Azad tribe), Mundhir bin Sawi Abdi, (Malik Bahrain) Zulqala bin Nakoor Dhu Amr (Hamir, Yemen), Harith bin Abdul Kalal Al Humairi, (Yemen) These letters of invitation were sent to the princes and kings who regularly The seats were held by the empire. These are proofs of the establishment of international relations and the resumption of contacts with other countries, which will always be written in bold letters. Apart from these agreements and letters, various aspects of the biography of the Prophet (peace be upon him) show that the Prophet (peace be upon him) did. International relations have been restored on many levels. If we consider the conquest of Makkah in Ghazwat and Saraya, it is clear that The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forgave all criminals and appreciated mutual trust. While they were morally, legally capable in every way. In the same way, all the provisions of the Farewell Sermon strengthen the mutual relations. Any kind of segregation and discrimination between human beings on earth is a bad sign. This is where the rights are lost. At the same time, there is a great danger of an atmosphere of resistance and confrontation within humanity. Therefore, there is a need for societies to be united in a series. So, first of all, all the members of the society must be treated equally . The rulers in power must also keep in mind that the survival and protection of the human community lies in unity and integrity. Therefore, the mutual relations of the international community are not being strained for the sake of any particular benefit or self-serving interests. The status, superiority of man in the universe. This proves that this dignity and sanctity of humanity can be maintained at the same time. When there is peace and order, rights should be respected, and a gentle and positive attitude should be adopted towards each other. And strengthen the roots of international relations in societies.
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